Events Calendar

Walter Tinganelli (GSI): Ultra-high does rate (FLASH) radiotherapy: Room for Carbon ions?
Tuesday 28 March 2023, 12:00pm - 01:00pm

AbstractRadiotherapy is crucial in cancer treatment since more than 50% of patients receive it throughout their treatment. The efficacy of radiation treatment has a limitation due to the toxicity in healthy tissue. High doses of radiation given in a short time, with ultra-high dose rates, are less harmful to healthy tissue but just as efficient as conventional dose rate radiation for tumor growth inhibition, the FLASH effect. Compared to radiotherapy delivered at conventional dose rates, the FLASH effect appears only when irradiation is performed with dose rates over 40 Gy/sec. Radiotherapy under FLASH conditions may become a new strategy to treat cancer as it can potentially widen the therapeutic window of radiotherapy. The effect has been demonstrated with electrons, photons, and protons.Our group recently published in vitro and in vivo FLASH radiation results with carbon ions. We demonstrate for the first time that the FLASH effect is possible even with ions heavier than protons, opening new perspectives in cancer treatment with heavy particles.We will present the results of a C3H/He osteosarcoma mouse model exposed to the entrance channel or the SOBP of an ultra-high dose rate of carbon ions. Compared to conventional exposure to carbon ions, the ultra-high dose rate of carbon ions spared the healthy tissues while providing comparable tumor control. Furthermore, the results point to fewer lung metastases in mice whose tumors were exposed under FLASH conditions than those treated with a conventional dose rate.

About the speaker: Walter Tinganelli is a biotechnologist with more than ten years of international research experience. Since January 2019, Walter is the Clinical Radiobiology Group Leader at the GSI, Germany. 
Master of Science in Biotechnology at the University of Naples Federico II, Walter did his Ph.D. in Radiobiology at the Technical University of Darmstadt in Germany.
After his Ph.D., Walter worked for two years as the International Open Laboratory Group Director at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) in Japan. Back in Europe, he worked as Principal Investigator of the Clinical Radiobiology Group at the Helmholtz Research Center for Heavy Ion (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany and from November 2015 to December 2018, as Project Manager and Principal Investigator at the National Institute of Nuclear Physics, part of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN) in Trento, Italy.

Location : Virtual